Marks and Model codes


This is a quick guide to the sort marks that can be found on nearly all Ashtead Pottery. The Ashtead factory was very precise in its marking system and coded virtually every phase of the manufacture.

This is the reverse of a decorated side plate and is a good example of the various marks to be found.

Starting at the top:

The “Ashtead Potters” stylised tree stamp. This one includes the words “BCM/ASHTD” – this being an early style of post coding which stood for British Commercial Monomark / Ashtead. There is also the wording “Made in England” either side of a circle. The circle is a date code (see below for year codes).

This plate carries the artists personal mark of a right-angle and dot, in this instance William Robinson.

By the word “England” is an impressed mark “027”. At busy times it is known that the factory “bought in” plain slips to be decorated at Ashtead. This example was sourced from the Wedgwood factory, the “027” being their date code. However, these blanks could have sat on the shelf for several months or years, hence the difference between the Wedgwood and Ashtead date marks.

Next down there is the model number “P8” = plate, size 8. Model numbers are always in upper case. This is followed by “k” for the glaze code and “ep” for the decoration, in this case a tree. There are probably more than 30 known decoration codes. At present the author is trying to compile a list for later inclusion.

Another mark, not shown here, is an inscribed “HT” for hand thrown. Many of the vases and some jugs were made this way as opposed to being “slipware”.

Ashtead Codes

(please note: these list are still being compiled and more will be added as information becomes available).

Model Codes (always marked in UPPER case).

Click on the relevant letter to find the known model numbers :

A codes Comport P codes

Plates, pot stands

B codes

Bowls, basins, flower bowls, sugar bowls, Porringer

S codes

Saucers, tureen stands, soup bowl stands, toast racks

C codes


T codes

Preserve dishes and
fruit bowls

F codes

"Ashtead" dinner and
coffee services

V codes


J codes

Jugs, tankards,
covered jugs, ewers

W codes

"Wigmore" dinner

K codes


X codes


Boxes, containers, teapots, covered jars (jam pots), honeycomb dish, bacon dish, soap dish, coffee pot, porringer with cover.


L codes

Lamp bases

AA codes

Advertising wares, Commemoratives and other special designs

M codes


“Christopher Robin”

Nursery set models and decorations




The known date codes are:

British Empire Exhibition 1924





British Empire Exhibition 1924
British Empire Exhibition 1924





British Empire Exhibition 1924
British Empire Exhibition 1924





British Empire Exhibition 1924
There are also the following date codes which have not been positively attributed:
British Empire Exhibition 1924





British Empire Exhibition 1924
British Empire Exhibition 1924



Pieces from the earliest period (1923/4) do not carry a date code. These pieces have a very basic “Ashtead Potters” stylised tree without the “BCM” and “Made in England” legend.

Early marks

The known painters marks are:

One dot = Albert Vincent

Two dots = William Dennis

Three dots (forming a triangle) = Stanley Conway

Right angle and dot = William Robinson

The glaze codes (always marked in lower case) are:

a = Dark Green
b = Yellow
c = Royal Blue
d = Celadon
f = Powder Blue
g = Ivory
k = Pearl barley
m = Orange
n = Grey / green

o = Apple Green
p = Rose
r = Black
s = Mauve
t = Cinnamon
v = Jade Green
w = White
x = Opaque white
z = Light chocolate brown

The known decoration codes (always marked in lower case) are:

This is a far from complete listing of decoration codes.

(for the purpose of these descriptions “bands” would be found on the rims of plates and “hoops” on jugs and vases). Can anyone supply any others?

By clicking on the code letter you can see an example of that decoration.

ai – clematis and vine

aj – green/blue geometric dots and diamonds

al – cottage and garden

au/4 – geometric pattern – two hoops separated by diagonal lines

au/8 – black geometric pattern – two hoops separated by diagonal lines

bb – green / yellow ducks on water

bc – blue / yellow geometric pattern

be – blue / green geometric pattern

bf – harlequin hoops (sepia/brown/green/yellow/blue)

bk – broad bands (brown/white, blue/white, green/white, etc)

bk/6 – yellow/white hoops

bk/8 – brown/white hoops

bk/13 – blue/white hoops

bl – Blue/Sepia geometric pattern

bm – Chinaman with kite?

bn – fish

bo – Shepherd and sheep

br – blue/sepia geometric (Greek style) pattern

bu – Blue/Sepia swirl and circle pattern

bur – March hare

cb – August fields

cb/k- black/sepia/green/blue vertical lines

cd – duck

ce – sepia/olive/black bands

ce/4 – brown/black/brown bands

ch – sheaf of flowers

ci – black geometric design

cj – rabbit and flowers

ck – lady and wigged man

cl – chicken / hen strutting

cn – sailing ship

cp – sepia/black/yellow/white hoops

cq – floral design

cr – royal blue/powder blue hoops

cv – brown/black/olive bands

cx – Chinese lantern? geometric pattern (yellow/black/sepia)

cy – gamekeeper and birds

daz – rabbit & green/yellow geometric border (on a dish)

dec – intertwined parrots

dy – galleon

el – floral

ep- trees

et – leaves

ezz – lady holding a bird

fe – owl

ff – green/black bands

fg – fish blowing bubbles

fh – stylized thistle

fo – vase with fruit

fy – blue/green fern

ga – Roe Deer

gc – daffodils

ge – stylized fish

gf – green/blue/yellow geometric spring flowers (daffodils?)

gg – green/blue/yellow leaves tied as a bunch

gr – royal blue/sepia geometric

gt – sepia/black/sepia

gy – blue/black bands

ha – blue/green sundial

hc – Pied Piper

hd – knight on horseback

hf – crinoline ladies

hh – brown/blue/sepia/pearl barley hoops

hi – black/sepia bands

hm – blue/sepia bands

hp – golden brown/sepia bands

hu – blue/green bands

hz – blue/green “roman” urn with cascading flowers

ie – Peasant with birds on a stick

jo – spring flowers

ju – Viking ship

kb – blue/green/yellow flowers

kj – spring flowers

kl – blue/green hoops

kq- green/sepia hoops

mb – bird in a bush with flowers

me – underwater scene (seaweeds, bubbles, fishes)

The author acknowledges Edward Hallam’s book “Ashtead Potters Limited in Surrey” as a source for some of this information.